1861 French anatomist Paul Broca locates the area of the brain responsible for speech.
1880s Spanish pathologist and neuroscientist Santiago Ramón y Cajal develops the theory that the body’s nervous system is made up of cells, which German anatomist Heinrich Waldeyer-Hartz later calls “neurons.”
1949 Donald Hebb describes the formation of cell assemblies and phase sequences in the process of associative learning.
From 1980 Modern brain-imaging techniques such as CT, fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and PET (positron emission tomography) scanning allow neuroscientists to map specific brain functions. ...