Gestalt therapy


1920s Carl Jung says that people need to connect with their inner selves.

1943 Max Wertheimer explains the Gestalt idea of “productive thinking”, which is distinctive for using personal insight.

1950 In Neurosis and Human Growth, Karen Horney identifies the need to reject the “shoulds” imposed by others.


1961 Carl Rogers says that it is the client, not the therapist, who knows what form and direction therapy should take.

1973 American self-help author Richard Bandler, one of the founders of Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP), uses many of the Gestalt therapy techniques in his new therapy.

In the 18th century, ...

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