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Ubuntu Unleashed 2013 Edition: Covering 12.10 and 13.04, Eighth Edition by Matthew Helmke

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Understanding the Linux File System Hierarchy

Linux has inherited from UNIX a well-planned hierarchy for organizing things. It isn’t perfect, but it is generally logical and mostly consistent, although distributions do tend to make some modifications that force some thinking and adaptation when moving between, say, Fedora, Slackware, and Ubuntu. Table 9.1 shows some of the top-level directories that are part of a standard Linux distro.

Table 9.1. Basic Linux Directories

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Knowing these directories can help you find files when you need them. This knowledge can even help you partition hard drives when you install new systems by letting you choose ...

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