Pronounced “engine-x,” this is a lightweight and extremely fast web server. It is free and open source. Some well-known websites such as WordPress, GitHub, and SourceForge use Nginx because it is stable and fast under high-traffic conditions while using fewer resources. It is not as configurable as Apache, nor as well documented in English because it originates from Russia, but for specific use cases it is an excellent option and is quite easy to set up and use.

The original design of Nginx was created to allow higher numbers of concurrent website requests. Larger websites often have tens of thousands of clients connected simultaneously, each one making HTTP requests that must be responded to. As with many of the web servers described ...

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