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Ubuntu Unleashed 2013 Edition: Covering 12.10 and 13.04, Eighth Edition by Matthew Helmke

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Using /etc/init.d/apache2

Ubuntu uses the scripts in the /etc/init.d directory to control the startup and shutdown of various services, including the Apache web server. The main script installed for the Apache web server is /etc/init.d/apache2, although the actual work is done by the apache2ctl shell script included with Apache.

Note

/etc/init.d/apache2 is a shell script and is not the same as the Apache server located in /usr/sbin. That is, /usr/sbin/apache2 is the program executable file (the server); /etc/init.d/apache2 is a shell script that uses another shell script, apache2ctl, to control the server. See Chapter 12, “Automating Tasks and Shell Scripting,” for a description of some service scripts under /etc/init.d and how the scripts are ...

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