The configuration options so far have been basic, and you can use many more to enhance the proxying system you want.
After you are past deciding which rules work for you locally, it is time to spread them out to other machines. You do so by specifying IP ranges that should be allowed or disallowed access, and you enter these into Squid using more ACL lines.
If you want to, you can specify all the IP addresses on your network, one per line. However, for networks of more than about 20 people or using Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP), that is more work than necessary. A better solution is to use classless interdomain routing (CIDR) notation, which enables you to specify addresses like this: