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Signals and Systems by Smarajit Ghosh

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10.1 DELAY ELEMENTS

Figure. 10.1 shows a delay element so that for an input X(k + 1) it produces an output X(k). Therefore, the element is delayed by one unit.

 

image

 

Fig. 10.1

 

If z–transform of x(k) be X(z), then z–transform of x (k + 1) is zX (z). Therefore, for an input zX (z) to a delay element, output will be X(z).

Hence the transfer function of delay element image

We can also write the letter ‘D’ or z−1 in the block of ‘unit delay’ element.

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