This chapter states that bond prices are determined by the dollar amount investors are willing to pay for them. That is, what will investors pay for the right to receive the semiannual interest payments and a cash payment in the amount of the face value at maturity? This appendix identifies and discusses factors considered by debt investors when deciding whether to purchase bonds. These factors have a direct bearing on bond prices.
Suppose, for example, that on June 9, 2011, you were reading the Wall Street Journal, looking to purchase a bond. You note that on that day Treetley Enterprises lists bonds with the following terms:
|Time to maturity||18 years|
|Stated annual interest rate (paid every 6 months)||8%|
|Current price||85¼, or $853|
The decision to buy the bond involves three steps: (1) determine the effective rate of return, (2) determine your required rate of return, and (3) compare the effective rate to the required rate.
The procedure used to determine the effective rate of return is discussed in this chapter. Recall that the effective rate is that rate which, when used to discount the bond's future cash flows, results in a present value equal to the bond price. The effective rate of the Treetley bond is approximately 10 percent.
Now that you have determined the effective rate, you must decide whether it is large enough to satisfy ...