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QuickBooks 2013 For Dummies by Stephen L. Nelson, MBA, CPA

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Repaying a Loan

To record loan payments, you need to split each payment between two accounts: the interest expense account and the loan payable account.

casestudy.eps Suppose that you make $75 monthly payments on a $5,000 loan. Also suppose that the lender charges 1 percent interest each month. The following journal entry records the first month’s loan payment:

unnumbered table 20-5

The next month, of course, the loan balance is slightly less (because you made a $25 dent in the loan principal, as shown in the preceding loan payment journal entry). The following journal entry records the second month’s loan payment:

unnumbered table 20-6

tip.eps Get the lender to provide you an amortization schedule that shows the breakdown of each payment into interest expense and loan principal reduction. If this doesn’t work, choose Banking⇒Loan Manager. QuickBooks displays the Loan Manager window. If you click the Add a Loan button, QuickBooks collects a bit of information about the loan terms and builds an amortization schedule for you. Note, too, that you can tell QuickBooks to remind you of upcoming loan payments and even to schedule the payments.

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