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Engineering Physics by S. Mani Naidu

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2.8 Structure and packing fractions of face-centred cubic [FCC] structure

Atoms are present at the corners and at the face centres of this cubic structure. The intersection of face diagonals represent face centre of the cube. A corner atom is shared by eight unit cells and a face-centred atom is shared by two unit cells. The cube has eight corners and bounded by six faces; so, the number of atoms per unit cell = images.

Let r be the radius of an atom. The surfaces of atoms do not touch along unit cell edges but the surfaces of atoms along face diagonals of this structure are in contact. The unit cell structure is shown in Fig. 2.14. Half of the nearest ...

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