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Engineering Physics by S. Mani Naidu

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9.8 BCS theory

The existence of energy gap and long-range electronic order in superconducting state pointed that electrons in superconductor are somehow bound together. The positively charged ions screen the Coulomb repulsive forces between electrons. In 1950, Frohlich and Bardeen concluded that a moving electron inside a crystal distorts the crystal lattice and this distortion is quantized in terms of virtual phonons. That means the reaction between an electron and lattice phonons represent the vibrations of crystal lattice in a solid. The electron-phonon interaction can cause resistance or superconductivity. The interaction of electrons and virtual phonons causes superconductivity. We know generally that superconductors are always poor conductors ...

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