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Engineering Physics by S. Mani Naidu

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6.3 Internal or local field

In dielectric solids, the atoms or molecules experience not only the external applied electric field but also the electric field produced by the dipoles. The resultant electric field acting on the atoms or molecules of dielectric substance is called the local field or an internal field.

To find an expression for local electric field on a dielectric molecule or an atom, we consider a dielectric material in the electric field of intensity E, between the capacitor plates so that the material is uniformly polarized, as a result opposite type of charges are induced on the surface of the dielectric near the capacitor plates. The local field is calculated by using the method suggested by Lorentz.

According to this method, ...

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