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Process Control: Modeling, Design, and Simulation by B. Wayne Bequette

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Chapter 2. Fundamental Models

In this chapter, a methodology for developing dynamic models of chemical processes is presented. After studying this chapter, the reader should be able to do the following:

  • Write balance equations using the integral or instantaneous methods

  • Incorporate appropriate constitutive relationships into the equations

  • Determine the state, input, and output variables and the parameters for a particular model (set of equations)

  • Determine the necessary information to solve a system of dynamic equations

  • Linearize a set of nonlinear equations to find the state space model

The major sections of this chapter are as follows:

2.1 Background

2.2 Balance Equations

2.3 Material Balances

2.4 Constitutive Relationships

2.5 Material and Energy ...

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