Use this to re-energise/re-launch your managerial career.
Research by Sumantra Ghoshal and Heike Bruch found that many managers believe they are denied autonomy, have little discretion in how to do their job and lack power. In addition they feel unable to refuse demands that are placed upon them by their boss.
In turn their bosses complain that their managers were unable to see the big picture, take ideas and run with them, exercise their own judgement or align the aims of their department/unit with those of the organisation. Most tellingly they complain that their managers lack initiative and are reactive rather than proactive.
To silence such criticism and reclaim your job, you need to address ...