Understanding partition schemes

The disk partition is a disk's logical division so that an operating system can manage data. Whereas, the partition scheme represents the technology that is used to manage the partitions on the disks. In general, there are two partition schemes:

  • Master Boot Record (MBR): This is an old partition scheme known today as a legacy boot option. It operates on a 512-byte disk sector with a maximum of four primary partitions, or three primary partitions and one extended partition. An extended partition can have up to 26 logical partitions. The MBR uses Logical Block Addressing (LBA) to support disks up to 2 TB. The MBR has always proven to be a very useful partition scheme for multiboot platforms.
  • GUID Partition Table ...

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