List contents of directories. If no
are given, list the files in the current directory. With one or more
names, list files contained in a directory
name or that match a file
include filename metacharacters. The options let you display a
variety of information in different formats. The most useful options
-s. Some options
don’t make sense together (e.g.,
Print one entry per line of output.
List all files, including the normally hidden files whose names begin with a period.
List all files, including the normally hidden files whose names begin with a period. doesn’t include the . and .. directories.
Print nonprintable characters with their C-style escape codes, such as
\nfor line feed and
\tfor tab. Characters without an escape code print with their octal values as,
Print nonprintable characters with their octal codes as
List files by status change time (not creation/modification time).
List files in columns (the default format).
Report only on the directory, not its contents.
Print directory contents in exactly the order in which they are stored, without attempting to sort them.
Flag filenames by appending
*to executable files,
@to symbolic links,
=to sockets, and % to whiteouts.
List sizes from the
-loption with units: bytes, kilobytes, etc.
List the inode for each file.
If file sizes are being ...