Other Contemporary Theories of Motivation

Self-determination theory and goal-setting theory are well supported contemporary theories of motivation. But they are far from the only noteworthy OB theories on the subject. Self-efficacy, reinforcement, equity/organizational justice, and expectancy theories reveal different aspects of our motivational processes and tendencies.

Self-Efficacy Theory

Self-efficacy theory, also known as social cognitive theory or social learning theory, refers to an individual’s belief that he or she is capable of performing a task.42 The higher your self-efficacy, the more confidence you have in your ability to succeed. So, in difficult situations people with low self-efficacy are more likely to lessen their effort or ...

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