23.4 Option Buttons
The following graphs allow us, through the analysis of residuals, to assess the validity of the fitted model.
There are different types of residuals:
The requested graphs are Four in one, which displays in one graphical window the four more relevant residual plots and the graph of residuals versus the variable Power, since as previously illustrated, it seems that the relationship between power and maximum speed is not linear but quadratic.
The shape of the plot of residuals versus fitted values (cloud of points in a parabolic shape) suggests the possibility of improving the model by transforming a variable. The plot of the residuals versus the variable Power suggests the convenience of a transformation of this variable: for instance taking the square of it.
23.4.2 Options ...