Aaron Beck trained as a psychoanalyst, but in the 1960s repudiated the Freudian emphasis on unconscious processes and developed cognitive therapy. He is considered the father of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Instead of exploring the unconscious and delving into childhood experience to find the sources of unhappiness and dysfunction, CBT focuses on changing behavior. It is goal oriented and focused on the here and now. It emphasizes the role of thinking in the treatment of emotional and behavioral disorders, and operates on the premise that present-day changes in thoughts or behaviors can be highly effective in solving deep-seated emotional problems:

For a good part of their waking life, people ...

Get The Handbook of Knowledge-Based Coaching: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.