GENDER AND WORK-LIFE BALANCE: ARLIE RUSSELL HOCHSCHILD
[G]ender shapes time usage and quality. Not only is employed women’s total time commitment to paid and unpaid work equal to or greater than that of employed men, but women’s work in the home is different—more arduous, less flexible, and more likely to be interrupted. These factors … suggest that women will feel that it is more difficult to balance work and family than men will.
(Milkie & Peltola, 1999, p. 480)
In two of her important researched works, The Second Shift (1989) and The Time Bind (1997), Hochschild describes a variety of complications faced by working couples with families. The Second Shift concentrates on the various strategies couples have used to pursue full-time careers ...