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Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGIS: A Workbook Approach to Learning GIS, 3rd Edition by Michael D. Kennedy

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Adding Other Map Elements
The layout has no north arrow. Let’s put one in. We’ll erase the Coordinate System information and put the north arrow there.
____ 19. With the Select Elements tool, click the Coordinate System text so that it gets a selected border. Tap Delete on the keyboard.
____ 20. Hmmm . . . on second thought maybe erasing that information isn’t such a good idea. An “undo” command is in the Edit menu, but let’s try the universal undo: Ctrl-Z. Bingo! (You will put that in your Fast Fact File, won’t you?)
____ 21. If you are running version 10.0 you will see an ESRI logo. Delete that to make room for a north arrow.
____ 22. Click North Arrow on the Insert menu. Pick ESRI North 6 and click OK. It appears, selected, with handles, on the Layout. If you place the cursor over one of the handles, the cursor changes to a double-headed arrow. If you drag the handle with this cursor, you can resize the selected element. Resize the arrow that appears and drag it into the legend/scale area. Press the Esc key, (or click somewhere away from the arrow on a blank area) to unselect the element and, thus, turn off the handles. Then, move the elements around to make things look neat. Examine the result. See Figure 3-5.
Well, that’s annoying. Upon inspection it appears that the North Arrow doesn’t seem to be pointing quite north. We went to some trouble to line Colorado ...

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