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Small Group Facilitation: Improving Process and Performance in Groups and Teams by Judith A. Kolb

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Definition of Terms

Driving forces—factors that are supportive in achieving desired changes.

Restraining forces—factors that can restrain or decrease the driving forces.

Equilibrium—the state reached when the sum of the driving forces equals the sum of the restraining forces. To move forward toward desired change, the relationship between driving and restraining forces must change.

Steps

1.   Define problem or condition and desired state.

2.   Identify driving and restraining forces.

3.   Discuss the magnitude of each force or assign a number to each that indicates the perceived strength of its effect.

4.   Consider the magnitude of driving and restraining forces to get an idea of the difficulty of moving toward a desired state. If you assigned ...

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