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Small Group Facilitation: Improving Process and Performance in Groups and Teams by Judith A. Kolb

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Definitions

Values may be described as guiding principles. A definition by Joseph DeVito (1976) emphasizes the relationship between attitudes, values, and behaviors, namely, “A value is an organized system of attitudes…. Values also provide us with guidelines for behavior; in effect, they direct our behavior so that it is consistent with the achievement of the values of goals we have” (p. 416). In making a distinction between values and ethics, Johannesen (1983) says that “concepts such as material success, individualism, efficiency, thrift, freedom, courage, hard work, prudence, competition, patriotism, compromise, and punctuality are all value standards that have varying degrees of potency in contemporary American culture. But we probably would ...

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