The live performance is recorded on tape, Fig. 8.1. Often, each instrument and a singer is given a separate microphone and a separate channel. Professional tape recordings may have as many as 32 channels so that the sound of each instrument can be individually monitored - balanced, adjusted, and enhanced. Different channels can be recorded at different times.
The placement of microphone is very important and the optimum position are decided with experience.
The multiple channels recorded in the studio are mixed down to stereo before the record is cut. At the mixing stage, record producers make many decisions that determine the end sound quality of a performance.
Fig. 8.1 Tape-master recording
In the standard recording ...