In-depth investigation of single instances to gain detailed knowledge using multiple sources
• This is useful for understanding existing phenomena for comparison or inspiration and to study the effects of change, new programs, or innovations.
• Instances, or cases, may be of individuals, events, organizations, entire communities, or processes.
• Details of cases emerge during data collection and analysis, which typically include the following features:
– Selection of a case or small set of cases
– Study of the case in its social and physical context
– Collection of information using multiple, triangulated methods such as interviews, observations, unobtrusive trace measures, and document analysis
• This method welcomes extraordinary ...