A human-centered approach advocating codesign engagement with users and stakeholders
• Participatory design has its roots in Scandinavia in the 1970s, where computer professionals worked with unions to integrate new technology into the workplace.
• Participatory design encompasses several methods, unified by face-to-face contact in activity-based codesign engagements.
• Methods include cultural probes, diary studies, photo studies, collage, flexible modeling, role-playing, creative tool kits, and design workshops.
• Participatory design respects the creative insight of participants to inspire and help guide the design process and to respond to design outcomes.
• A framework of participatory design describes the form ...