A cyclical, collaborative process that seeks to intentionally change members of the inquiry
• The mission is to change the community, or policies under study, differentiated from objective methods that seek only to describe, understand, and explain.
• With an overtone of empowerment, emancipation, and activism, the approach has been popular in education, feminist research, and social justice.
• The process is dynamic and cyclical in its sequence of planning, taking action, observing, evaluating, and critical reflection.
• Specific research methods tend to be flexible, qualitative, and ethnographic, including traditional observations, participant observation, and interviews.
• New movements in social design ...