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Practicing Organization Development: A Guide for Leading Change: A Third Edition by Arielle Sullivan, Roland L. Sullivan, Jacqueline M. Stavros, William J. Rothwell

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CHARACTERISTICS OF LARGE-SYSTEM INTERVENTIONS

Large-system interventions have a number of common features that distinguish them from other OD interventions. These characteristics are as follows:
• They are triggered by environmental jolts and internal disruptions;
• They provoke revolutionary or transformational change;
• They incorporate new organizing paradigms;
• They are driven and led by senior executives;
• They require an organizational learning system; and
• They involve multiple organization levels and large numbers of members.
Environmental jolts and internal disruptions can be compelling reasons for large-system change. Such interventions generally occur in direct response to at least three kinds of disturbance (Tushman, Newman, ...

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