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Performance Evaluation: Proven Approaches for Improving Program and Organizational Performance by Ingrid Guerra-López

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A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF EVALUATION HISTORY

Michael Scriven (1991) describes evaluation as a practice that dates back to samurai sword evaluation. Another type of evaluation was in evidence as early as 2000 B.C.: Chinese officials held civil service examinations to measure the ability of individuals applying for government positions. And Socrates included verbal evaluations as part of his instructional approach (Fitzpatrick, Sanders, & Worthen, 2004).

In response to dissatisfaction with educational and social programs, a more formal educational evaluation can be traced back to Great Britain during the 1800s, when royal commissions were sent by the government to hear testimony from the various institutions. In the 1930s, Ralph Tyler issued a call to ...

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