Comparing Business and Military Strategy

A strong military heritage underlies the study of strategic management. Terms such as objectives, mission, strengths, and weaknesses were first formulated to address problems on the battlefield. According to Webster’s New World Dictionary, strategy is “the science of planning and directing large-scale military operations, of maneuvering forces into the most advantageous position prior to actual engagement with the enemy.”18 The word strategy comes from the Greek strategos, which refers to a military general and combines stratos (the army) and ago (to lead). The history of strategic planning began in the military. A key aim of both business and military strategy is “to gain competitive advantage.” In many ...

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